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Achillea ‘Paprika’
  • Common name: Paprika Yarrow
  • Zone: 3
  • Exposure: Sun / Part shade
  • Height x Width: 24 in. x 30 in.
  • Native to: Cultivar of common Yarrow

Paprika Yarrow has large umbels of bright red flowers with yellow eyes in summer over fern-like deep green foliage. Deadhead to encourage continuous bloom. Attracts bees, butterflies and hummingbirds.

Achillea ageratifolia
  • Common name: Greek Yarrow
  • Zone: 4
  • Exposure: Sun
  • Height x Width: 4 in. x 18 in.
  • Native to: Eurasia

Greek Yarrow is a slow-growing, tidy, dense evergreen ground cover. This beauty is a reliable heavy-bloomer bearing bright white clusters of tiny flowers for many weeks in late spring. Attracts bees and butterflies.

Achillea tomentosa
  • Common name: Woolly Yarrow
  • Zone: 3
  • Exposure: Sun / part shade
  • Height x Width: 6-12 in. x 28 in.
  • Native to: Eurasia

Woolly Yarrow is a vigorous, low growing, evergreen ground cover forming tight clumps of charming, fuzzy grey-green leaves.Clusters of cheerful yellow blossoms pop up in late spring. Attracts bees and butterflies.

Achillea x kellereri
  • Common name: Bulgarian Yarrow
  • Zone: 4
  • Exposure: Sun or Part Shade
  • Height x Width: 8" x 8"
  • Native to: Bulgaria

A natural hybrid from Bulgaria, this unusual and charming miniature yarrow produces clumps of small white flowers over carpets of attractive silvery leaves. Expanding gradually by root, this plant can form loose colonies.

Aquilegia caerulea
  • Common name: Rocky Mountain Columbine
  • Zone: 3
  • Exposure: Sun / Part shade
  • Height x Width: 8 in. x 14-24 in.
  • Native to: Idaho

Rocky Mountain Columbine: Glorious light to deep blue flowers 2-3in across sometimes bi-colored with white. An excellent border perennial, grand for cutting, in bloom for several weeks and will grow in sun or light shade. Pollinators: bumblebees, hawk moths. Tolerates clay. More info here.

Aquilegia canadensis
  • Common name: Red Columbine
  • Zone: 3
  • Exposure: Shade/Part Shade
  • Height x Width: 2' x 2'
  • Native to: Central, Eastern U.S.

Lovely red and yellow bell-like flowers hang like tiny lanterns. Attracts hummingbirds and long-tongued insects. Best in part shade. More information here.

Aquilegia chrysantha
  • Common name: Golden-spurred Columbine
  • Zone: 3
  • Exposure: Sun / Part shade
  • Height x Width: 30 in. x 18 in.
  • Native to: Southwest US

Golden-spurred Columbine, a native of the canyons of the Southwest produces fragrant cheerful yellow flowers with long outward-curving spurs In late spring. The fragrant blooms rise on slender stems above beautiful blue-green, fernlike foliage. Tolerates clay. More information here.

Aquilegia formosa
  • Common name: Western Columbine
  • Zone: 4
  • Exposure: Part Shade
  • Height x Width: 18-24" x 16'
  • Native to: Idaho

Delicate red flowers with yellow centers dangle gracefully from long stems. As other Columbines, this one blooms well in shady areas.

Arenaria hookeri ssp. desertorum
  • Common name: Hooker’s Desert Sandwort
  • Zone: 4
  • Exposure: Sun/Part shade
  • Height x Width: 1/2" x 3"
  • Native to: WY, UT, CO

Exceptionally tight green cushions with micro-fine needle-like foliage. The buns are covered with dense, flat-topped sprays of white flowers in early summer. Terrific rock garden plant, evergreen.

Artemisia pedemontana
  • Common name: Dwarf Wormwood
  • Zone: 5
  • Exposure: Sun
  • Height x Width: 3" x 12"
  • Native to: Europe

This low, compact sagebrush relative makes a perfect rock garden plant. Fluffy flowers arise in early summer, can be cut back to reveal the evergreen mat. Choice!

Delosperma ‘Salmon’
  • Common name: Salmon Iceplant
  • Zone: 5
  • Exposure: Sun
  • Height x Width: 2" and spreading
  • Native to: South Africa

Low carpet of semi-evergreen foliage topped with shocking salmon-colored flowers in late spring. Wonderful addition to any rock garden.

Dianthus arenarius
  • Common name: Sand Pink
  • Zone: 3
  • Exposure: Sun/part shade
  • Height x Width: 12 inches x 1-3 feet wide.
  • Native to: Europe

Sand Pink forms large hummocks packed with narrow evergreen foliage. In late spring it is covered with extremely fragrant little white flowers like snowflakes. Attracts butterflies.

Dianthus deltoides ‘Flashing Lights’
  • Common name: 'Flashing Lights' Dianthus (Pink)
  • Zone: 3
  • Exposure: Sun/part shade
  • Height x Width: 6 in. x 10 in.
  • Native to: Eurasia

‘Flashing Lights’ Dianthus (Pink): This evergreen dianthus is not pink, but a deep, brilliant red. The mound of narrow, dark green, grassy leaves is attractive year-round. Great for low edging at the front edge of a bed or in a rock garden. Attracts butterflies.

 

Dianthus gratianopolitanus ‘Firewitch’
  • Common name: 'Firewitch' Dianthus (Pink)
  • Zone: 3
  • Exposure: Sun / Part shade
  • Height x Width: 8 in. x 18 in.
  • Native to: Eurasia

‘Firewitch’ Dianthus (Pink) is a bouquet of electric magenta flowers with frilly edges over a mound of attractive gray-green foliage. Excellent rock garden plant, or use at the front of a border. Attracts butterflies.

 

Echinacea Pallida
  • Common name: Pale Purple Coneflower
  • Zone: 3
  • Exposure: Sun
  • Height x Width: 24 in. x 18 in.
  • Native to: Great Plains US

Thin purple petals of this Conflower drape delicately from a bold brown center. It is lovely in a bouquet and also great for naturalizing en masse in the garden. Its deep taproot allows it to thrive in dry soils. Nectar plant for Monarch and other butterflies. Tolerates clay. Pollinators: bees, butterflies.

Ephedra minima
  • Common name: Dwarf Mormon Tea
  • Zone: 5
  • Exposure: Sun
  • Height x Width: 4 in. x 12 in.
  • Native to: Asia

This is the prostrate form of the native Mormon Tea shrub. Thin stems intertwine on the ground to gradually form a thick, sprawling, evergreen groundcover. In mid-summer dozens of bright red berry-like flowers appear, nestled down in the foliage. From Tibet, rare.

Erigeron speciosus
  • Common name: Showy Fleabane
  • Zone: 4
  • Exposure: Sun
  • Height x Width: 24 in. x 12 in.
  • Native to: Idaho

Showy Fleabane is an erect native daisy with narrow leaves and cheerful purple that flowers in early to mid-summer. Usually occurs in woodland openings or edges. Attracts butterflies.

Eriogonum caespitosum
  • Common name: Mat Buckwheat
  • Zone: 4
  • Exposure: Sun
  • Height x Width: 3" x 12"
  • Native to: Idaho

A beautiful mat-forming buckwheat topped with delicate round flowers–pale yellow, fading to pink or orange. Excellent rock garden plants. Choice!

Eriogonum ovalifolium var. purpureum
  • Common name: Cushion Buckwheat
  • Zone: 4
  • Exposure: Sun
  • Height x Width: 10" x 10"
  • Native to: Idaho

This Buckwheat forms dense mounds of grey-green leaves topped by pinky-white pom-poms in late spring. Great for rock gardens or for any small space in the landscape. Choice!

Eriogonum sp.
  • Common name: Dwarf Sulfur Buckwheat
  • Zone: 4-5 (?)
  • Exposure: Sun
  • Height x Width: 3" x 10"
  • Native to: Western U.S.

This beautiful little plant appears to be a variety of Sulfur Buckwheat. Its sculpted leaves and diminutive shrubby form make it an outstanding rock garden plant. Blooms earlier than our regular Sulfur Buckwheat.

Eriogonum umbellatum
  • Common name: Sulfur Buckwheat
  • Zone: 3
  • Exposure: Sun
  • Height x Width: 6-12 in. x 1-2 ft.
  • Native to: Idaho

Sulfur Buckwheat has bright yellow flower heads, silvery foliage. Spreading, mat-forming perennial that produces cream to sulfur- yellow ball-like clusters of flowers that become copper-red tinted with age. Begins flowering in early summer and continues until the fall. Prefers moderate to dry, well drained soil, do not overwater. Pollinators: butterflies, bees.

Eriophyllum lanatum
  • Common name: Woolly Sunflower
  • Zone: 5
  • Exposure: Sun
  • Height x Width: 3 in. x 6 in.
  • Native to: Idaho

Woolly Sunflower, also called “Oregon Sunshine” (in Oregon!), is one of the real standouts among native Idaho flowering plants. Relatively abundant but usually small in the wild, Woolly Sunflower grows to impressive size in the garden with a bit of extra water. It puts on a beautiful flush of yellow daisies in the late spring; foliage is semi-evergreen and handsome otherwise.

Erodium chrysanthum
  • Common name: Yellow Stork’s Bill
  • Zone: 5
  • Exposure: Sun
  • Height x Width: 12in. x 18in.
  • Native to: Mediterranean

Yellow Stork’s Bill grows into long-lived, beautiful mounds of graceful foliage that are nearly evergreen. Delicate pale yellow flowers pop up in the early summer. Doesn’t mind heat and lean soil.

Heterotheca villosa
  • Common name: Hairy Goldenaster
  • Zone: 4
  • Exposure: Sun
  • Height x Width: 6-12" x 6-12"
  • Native to: Idaho

Hairy Goldenaster  covers itself completely with small yellow aster-like flowers in early summer. Needs no water once established.

Hymenoxys hoopesii
  • Common name: Orange Mountain Daisy
  • Zone: 4
  • Exposure: Sun/Part shade
  • Height x Width: 2’ x 2’
  • Native to: Idaho

Large yellow daisies pop out on this mountain meadow plant in early summer.

Iliamna rivularis
  • Common name: Mountain Hollyhock
  • Zone: 4
  • Exposure: Sun / Part shade
  • Height x Width: 40 in. x 32 in.
  • Native to: Idaho

Mountain Hollyhock is a low-growing mountain native, with attractive foliage and  gorgeous hollyhock-like pink satin cups. More information here.

Ipomopsis aggregata
  • Common name: Scarlet Gilia
  • Zone: 4
  • Exposure: Sun
  • Height x Width: 24" x 12"
  • Native to: Idaho

This showy biennial is a favorite of hikers. In its first year, Scarlet Gilia produces a clump of grassy basal leaves. In the second year it shoots up tall spikes covered with brilliant orange-red flowers. Will self-sow once established. Great hummingbird plant.  More info here.

Lavandula angustifolia ‘Lady’
  • Common name: Lady Lavender
  • Zone: 5
  • Exposure: Sun or Part Shade
  • Height x Width: 12" x 12"
  • Native to: Mediterranean

This is a very compact lavender, great for edging or the front of a border.

Lavandula x intermedia ‘Grosso’
  • Common name: Lavender “Grosso”
  • Zone: 5
  • Exposure: Sun
  • Height x Width: 3 ft. x 3 ft.
  • Native to: Mediterranean

Lavender “Grosso” is a vigorous, large lavender with long, deep purple flower spikes in early to mid-summer. Extremely drought- tolerant, good foundation planting.Flower spikes may be cut back for repeat bloom. Evergreen foliage. Pollinators: bees.

 

Minuartia laricifolia
  • Common name: Larch-leaf Sandwort
  • Zone: 4
  • Exposure: Sun/Part shade
  • Height x Width: 6" x 12"
  • Native to: Europe

Sandwort-like white flowers over club-moss like foliage. Here is a low-growing woody perennial with small needle-like leaves and white flowers, It typically grows in rock crevices or on rocky soils, likes good drainage. Would benefit from afternoon shade.

Origanum libanoticum
  • Common name: Hopflower Oregano
  • Zone: 5
  • Exposure: Sun
  • Height x Width: 4 in. and spreading
  • Native to: Mediterreanean

Hopflower Oregano is an outstanding cascading ground cover. This ornamental oregano produces hundreds of small lantern-like flowers on wiry stems. Terrific for edging, cascading over walls or filling in between larger plants.

 

Penstemon cyananthus
  • Common name: Wastach Penstemon
  • Zone: 4
  • Exposure: Sun
  • Height x Width: 24-36 in. x 12 in.
  • Native to: Idaho

Wastach Penstemon is a beautiful, showy native penstemon with attractive dark green glossy leaves and tall stalks of densely packed, relatively small rich blue flowers in early spring to late summer Requires minimal care. Resistant to diseases and grows well in poor soils. Pollinators: hummingbirds and bees. Not currently available.

Penstemon davidsonii v.davidsonii
  • Common name: Davidson’s Penstemon
  • Zone: 3?
  • Exposure: Sun / Part shade
  • Height x Width: 3 in. x 12 in.
  • Native to: Western US

Davidson’s Penstemon is a choice landscape plant with a low, sprawling woody structure that allows it to function like a ground cover. If given some sun protection in winter it will be completely evergreen. Lavender tubular flowers show up in late spring. Likes well-drained soils.

 

Penstemon davidsonii var. menziesii
  • Common name: Menzies’ Penstemon
  • Zone: 4
  • Exposure: Sun/Part shade
  • Height x Width: 2" x 12"
  • Native to: Oregon, Washington & British Columbia

Small shiny leaves on prostrate stems with small pink-purple blooms in late spring. This ground-hugging Penstemon crawls around rocks and underneath larger plants. Excellent Rock Garden plant. Choice.

Penstemon digitalis
  • Common name: Foxglove Penstemon
  • Zone: 3
  • Exposure: Sun/Part shade
  • Height x Width: 3’ x 2
  • Native to: Central/Eastern US

A substantial penstemon with spikes of white to pale pink flowers in June. Unlike most penstemons, it prefers slightly moist, well-drained soil in full sun or part shade.

Penstemon eatonii
  • Common name: Firecracker Penstemon
  • Zone: 4
  • Exposure: Sun
  • Height x Width: 40 in. x 24 in.
  • Native to: Southwest US

Firecracker Penstemon has vivid red blooms, dark green basal leaves. Upright, woody-based, evergreen or semi-evergreen perennial with blue-green leaves. In early summer, bears tubular, bright scarlet flowers. Prefers poor to moderately fertile, well drained soil and full sun. Great for dry desert-scapes. Pollinators: hummingbirds and bees.

 

Penstemon fruticosus
  • Common name: Shrubby Penstemon
  • Zone: 4
  • Exposure: Sun / Part shade
  • Height x Width: 12-16 in. x 8-12 in.
  • Native to: Idaho

Shrubby Penstemon is an unusual woody, upright, evergreen penstemon with abundant lavender tubular flowers in early summer. Foliage turns soft yellow in autumn with purple-green flower spikelets.

Penstemon fruticosus, dwarf form
  • Common name: Dwarf Shrubby Penstmon
  • Zone: 4
  • Exposure: Sun / Part shade
  • Height x Width: 6-8 in. x 8-10 in.
  • Native to: (Cultivar of native plant)

Dwarf Shrubby Penstemon is a compact version of the native Shrubby Penstemon and quite similar to Davidson’s Penstemon. Gorgeous lavender flowers in late spring. Evergreen mounds are beautiful in winter. Charming!

Penstemon richardsonii
  • Common name: Richardson's Penstemon
  • Zone: 5
  • Exposure: Sun
  • Height x Width: 30 in. x 30 in.
  • Native to: Eastern Oregon and Washington

Richardson’s is a wonderful and easy Penstemon for filling in spaces in the garden or tumbling down banks on trailing stems. Unlike most penstemons, this one starts blooming late, producing a charming profusion of rosy purple flowers that lasts from early summer nearly until frost. It re-seeds readily and multiplies in the garden.

Penstemon strictus
  • Common name: Rocky Mountain Penstemon
  • Zone: 4
  • Exposure: Sun / part shade
  • Height x Width: 24 in. x 24 in.
  • Native to: Mountain West

Rocky Mountain Penstemon has violet-blue flower spikes over leathery foliage. Attracts hummingbirds. Long-lived, reliable bloomer. Forms low evergreen clumps, easy and reliable; deadhead for re-bloom. Pollinators: bees.